The Department for Transport's consultation on updating the Highway Code is now closed

More than 5,000 people supported our campaign to make #WalkingNumber1 - thanks to you all!


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The proposed changes to the Highway Code will make it safer to cross the road

“The proposed changes to the Highway Code say that drivers and cyclists should give way to people wanting to cross a side road junction or at a zebra crossing. Currently pedestrians only have priority once they risk stepping into the road. This is great news for walking, we know many people find crossing the road unsafe and dangerous – we need to support this important change.”

Rachel Lee, Policy Manager, Living Streets

Highway code review

"All my life I was told that crossing side roads was priority for pedestrians. This doesn't seem to be the case now. Traffic leaves side streets even when they can see you waiting. They will pull forward so you cannot cross and then I have to wait for ages before they enter the main road."

Brenda, Enfield, Living Street supporter


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Frequently asked questions

What are the proposed changes?

There are a number of significant changes being proposed to the Highway Code. From a pedestrian's point of view, the three biggest changes are...

1. Introduce a hierarchy of road users

Rule H1 would be a new addition to the Code, and an important one.

The new hierarchy ensures that those road users who can do the greatest harm have the greatest responsibility to reduce the danger or threat they may pose others.

Those driving motor vehicles are at least risk of injury from other travel modes and so have the greatest responsibility to reduce the danger or threat they post to others. 

The hierarchy would be: 

  1. Pedestrians, in particular children, older adults, and disabled people 
  2. Cyclists  
  3. Horse riders 
  4. Motorcyclists 
  5. Cars/taxis 
  6. Vans/minibuses 
  7. Large passenger vehicles/heavy goods vehicles 

2. Clarify where pedestrians have right of way

The new rule H2 would promise to create stronger priorities for pedestrians, introducing a new obligation for drivers to give way to pedestrians waiting to cross at junctions (side roads) or zebra crossings.  

The new rule makes clear that at a junction, drivers should give way to pedestrians crossing or waiting to cross a road into which or, or out of which, they are turning. 

Equally, for pedestrians, “when you are crossing or waiting to cross the road, traffic should give way.” 

All riders MUST give way to pedestrians on a zebra crossing, and pedestrians and cyclists on a parallel crossing. 

3. Encourage safer speeds

The revised Code now makes clear that 20mph speed limits must not be exceeded by drivers. It acknowledges that fast speeds increase the likelihood and severity of a crash, and that slower speeds are less intimidating for people walking. 

Rule 125 says: “You should always reduce your speed when sharing the road with pedestrians, particularly children, older adults or disabled people, cyclists, horse riders and motorcyclists.” 

Other important changes include

  • Rule H3  Drivers and motorcyclists should not cut across the path of a cyclist going straight ahead when they are turning into/out of a junction, changing direction or changing lane.
  • Drivers must now give people walking a two-metre clearance when overtaking 
  • A stronger injunction for drivers to keep pedestrian crossings cleared in stalled traffic 
  • Advising cyclists to give room when passing pedestrians on shared cycle paths 
  • Advising drivers in slow moving traffic to allow pedestrians to cross in front of them 


The proposed changes are ones that Living Streets has campaigned for for many years.

They reflect the thinking and ideas more broadly of the Walking and Cycling Alliance (WACA), of which Living Streets is a part, alongside the Bicycle Association, British Cycling, Cycling UK, the Ramblers and Sustrans. 

During this process, Living Streets’ former Chief Executive Joe Irvin led talks (on behalf of and including WACA partners) with interested organisations – including road safety groups, disability charities and motoring bodies, before presenting agreed WACA proposals to update the Highway Code to the Department for Transport. 

But why is this change needed? What difference will this make?

Walking is a vital part of our everyday lives, and we are all pedestrians at some point. It is the cleanest, greenest and most accessible form of exercise – and yet pedestrians (followed by cyclists) currently bear the brunt of road casualties

The latest figures show that there have been increases in pedestrian casualties amongst the most vulnerable groups – children and older adults. 

Pedestrians make up a quarter of deaths in road incidents, and almost a quarter (23%) of pedestrian deaths occur at, or within 50m of a crossing.   

What's the current "catch-22 for pedestrians"?

Currently, the Highway Code lacks clarity on how pedestrians and drivers should behave at crossings. For example: 

  • Although the Code states that a driver MUST stop to give way to pedestrians once they have stepped onto a zebra crossing, until now the advice to pedestrians has been to not step out onto crossings until all the traffic has halted 
  • Drivers are advised ‘to watch out for people waiting to cross’ but not told to what next. As our former CEO Joe Irvin blogged for us, this is a Catch 22: traffic must stop when you step out onto the crossing; but you should not step onto the crossing until the traffic has stopped. 
  • Similarly, Rule 17 says to drivers at a junction that they should give way to pedestrians if they have started to cross. But then says, “watch out for pedestrians crossing a road into which you are turning.”  

An update of the Highway Code to provide clarity for all road users, not just pedestrians, is long overdue

The new rules will make it clear that drivers and riders should give way to pedestrians, not only when pedestrians have stepped onto the road at a zebra crossing or junction, but also when they are waiting to cross the road. 

This will make our roads safer for everyone. Although changing the Code will not automatically change everyone’s behaviour, it is still a positive step towards prioritising pedestrians on our streets.   

Is changing the Highway Code enough to improve the safety of our roads? How will it be enforced?

The proposed changes to the Highway Code (HC)are important, but still more action is needed to make our roads safer. Government will need to raise people's awareness through campaigns of the changes to the HC, highlighting the impacts of inconsiderate and illegal road user behaviour. We also want to see greater priority given to enforcement of the law, for example, through more visible policing and including road traffic offences that can cause death or serious injury as 'notifiable crimes'.

There is currently a review of roads policing taking place, looking at the research for links between police presence and road safety, as well as how technology can be used to target dangerous road behaviours. This call for evidence is an opportunity to highlight the importance of traffic law enforcement. Living Streets is considering the best way to respond.