What we say

Pavements are for people to walk on - so of course parking on pavements is a major concern for our supporters and the general public.

Vehicles parked on the footway can cause an obstruction and inhibit the independence of many vulnerable people, especially older or disabled people with visual or mobility impairments.  

And when pedestrians, for example families with pushchairs, are forced into the road and into oncoming traffic, pavement parking is simply dangerous.

It is also worth adding that pavement surfaces are not designed to carry the weight of vehicles, and the added maintenance cost of repairing cracked and damaged paving adds an unnecessary financial burden to already cash-strapped councils.

Add to this the economic cost to the NHS of inactivity, and it is beyond argument that pavement parking is, literally and figuratively, an obstacle we must overcome.

Pavement parking

1,000 days of inaction - "enough is enough"

30 August 2018 marks 1000 days since Simon Hoare MP withdrew his Private Members’ Bill to ban on pavement parking, because the Government promised to review current legislation and the impact of changing it.

Our Chief Executive Joe Irvin is handing a joint letter in partnership with 20 other charities to the Prime Minister urging her to end the delay and take action to end unsafe pavement parking.

Since March this year Guide Dogs have led a coalition of organisations (with Living Streets, British Parking Association and Local Government Association at the forefront) in renewing public pressure on the Government to act. It began with a series of questions from MPs.

Responding to a Parliamentary Question on 26 March, Secretary of State for Transport Jesse Norman again promised that his Department was gathering evidence on the issue of pavement parking.

Living Streets began raising the issue afresh with our supporters. We also sent a Freedom of Information request to local authorities in April and asked how many had received complaints from members of the public about pavement parking. 94% of councils in England and 87% of councils in Wales said yes.

Meanwhile, in June, after years of campaigning the Scottish Government changed the law to ban parking on pavements in Scotland.

This really is a game changer. There is every possibility that Wales could go its own way too. Finally, we learned of genuine movement in the Department of Transport.

At the time of writing a review is actually underway. We and our partners have met with the civil servant responsible. If we’re optimistic, then recommendations could be published and consulted on before the end of the year.

It is a step forward, but there is still a long way to go. We are going to be watching and holding the Government to account every step of the way.

Read our open letter

What we want

We believe all people should all be able to walk on pavements without worrying about vehicles blocking our way.

That's why Living Streets is calling on the UK Government to bring forward legislation to make it easier for councils to control pavement parking.

Pavement parking

Clear pavements need clear laws

Parking on pavements is currently covered by criminal and civil law, with different rules in different parts of the country, and vastly different experiences of enforcement from district to district.

Check out our FAQs

The laws are confusing - so of course people are confused, as these YouGov figures, commissioned by Guide Dogs, show...

Pavement parking


Drivers confused by current laws on pavement parking


Drivers know all aspects of current law about pavement parking

What can you do

Pavement parking

In Scotland

If you live in Scotland, you have a chance to make real history.

A new transport bill proposes a nationwide ban on pavement parking - with a few exceptions.

So we need folks who live in Scotland to write to their MSPs and ensure there are no loopholes.


Take action in Scotland

In England and Wales

In the rest of the country, we want to make sure we are ready to capitalise on the progress in the north.

Want pavements that are for people not vehicles? Join our campaign today.


Join our campaign

Download our posters and put them in your window


Who is responsible for enforcing pavement parking bans?

In most areas your local council or civil enforcement officers contracted on their behalf are responsible for enforcing pavement parking bans.

How can a traffic regulation order (TRO) help stop pavement parking?

Local authorities can restrict pavement parking on individual streets (or by area) by the making a traffic regulation order (TRO). The drawback is that this can shift the problem elsewhere. Making a TRO is also a time consuming and expensive process - it takes up to two years and requires extensive public consultation. However, once parking on pavements is banned on a particular street civil enforcement officers are able to enforce it by issuing a parking control notice – code 62. In April 2017 the government committed to undertake a review of traffic regulation orders during the summer. If the process of making traffic regulation orders was less onerous it would make banning pavement parking easier.

What is the situation in Scotland?

Living Streets Scotland leads the Responsible Parking Alliance. In 2015, Sandra White MSP launched the Footway Parking and Double Parking (Scotland) Bill. The bill includes measures to ban double parking and parking in front of drop kerbs – already illegal in England and Wales. The bill fell on 23 March 2016, following dissolution of Session 4 of the parliament. MSPs voted in principle to support the ban and the majority of MSPs in new Scottish Parliament were elected on manifestos that commit to banning footway parking. In 2017 the Scottish Parliament consulted on changes to parking rules, including pavement parking, and is expected to legislate.

What is the situation in London?

Pavement parking is banned throughout the 32 London boroughs, and the City of London under the Greater London (General Purposes) Act 1974. The Highway Code states; 'You MUST NOT park partially or wholly on the pavement in London'. All councils in London can and should enforce this law by issuing parking tickets to any vehicles parked on pavements, unless there is a sign there that specifically permits it.

Why do we need a new law? Aren’t existing laws enough?

Firstly, we need a new pavement parking law because it’s a huge problem.

Too many drivers are parking on the pavement and it’s putting pedestrians at risk. A YouGov survey (2018) commissioned by Guide Dogs found that 65% of drivers have previously parked on the pavement and 43% of drivers have parked on the pavement in the last six months.

Living Streets FoI request (2018) found that 93% of local authorities in England and 87% of local authorities in Wales have received complaints from members of the public about pavement parking.

But the existing laws are clearly not working. Driving on the pavement is illegal, so too is causing an obstruction – but our police forces don’t have enough ‘bobbies on the beat’ to enforce the law and respond the scale of the problem. If they did, we wouldn’t have MPs proposing action, we wouldn't have progressive transport bills in Scotland - and we and all our partners, including Guide Dogs, Sustrans, RNIB, British Cycling, Scope and Civic Voice (among many others), would not be leading a pavement parking campaign.

Lack of police capacity is one of the reasons that parking offences were decriminalised in the first place and parking management became a local authority responsibility. In London parking on the pavement is explicitly forbidden by a Private Act of Parliament. Elsewhere councils can use Traffic Regulation Orders to make the act of leaving wheels on the kerb a civil offence.

So parking on pavements is covered by criminal and civil law. Not surprisingly, the YouGov survey above found that only 5% of drivers know fully about all aspects of the law on pavement parking. Raising awareness of the issue would no doubt help, but fundamentally the law needs to be made much, much clearer.

Does Living Streets recommend people alerting the authorities to pavement parking currently?

We have been criticised for not saying that parking on pavements is already illegal (because you are not allowed to drive on a footway or to cause an obstruction).

We are not saying that people cannot complain to the police or local authorities. Reporting the worst cases and publicising the issue clearly can make a difference.

Living Streets has chosen to highlight the inconsistencies in the law instead because that’s where we think action needs to be taken.

Although reporting cases to the police can be effective, it is not enough to address the problem nationally or across urban and rural areas (where police resources are even more stretched).

Ultimately we need a culture change. A new law for England and Wales would spell out that drivers must not leave their cars parked on the pavement, unless there is a specific exemption in place.

Accompanied by an awareness raising campaign and making it easier for local authorities to manage and enforce, we stand a chance of putting an end to the problem of inconsiderate and dangerous parking once and for all.

Did you know?

Driving on the pavement is illegal

... and yet pavement parking remains legal in most parts of the UK. Begging the question: how do vehicles manage to park on the pavements in the first place?


People aged 65 and over polled for Living Streets in 2014 who said pavement parking was a problem for them in their local area.


Older people who say they would be more likely to walk outside if the pavements were clear of vehicles parked on them.

Want to help tackle pavement parking?